Exotic Pets. Lizards.
Lizards ( Lacertilia ) — suborder of squamates order of the class reptiles. The suborder of lizards is not biologically definable category, and includes all those species that do not belong to the other two suborders scaly — snakes and duchodcu. Snakes are probably descendents of lizards paranoidly and biological principles can too be considered a lizard, but conditionally allocated in a separate suborder. There are more than 4300 species of lizards.
Unlike snakes, most lizards (except for some legless forms) are available in varying degrees developed limbs. Although legless lizards are similar in appearance to snakes, they would still have the belly, but the majority are belt extremities; unlike snakes left and right half of the jaw apparatus still adherent.
The legless lizards’s eyes, as a rule, provided with separate movable eyelids, while snakes have fused eyelids, creating the eyes transparent “lens”. They are also characterized by other features, such as the structure and the structure of the scales.
Many species of lizards are able to discard the portion of the tail (autotomy). After some time, the tail is recovered, but in an abbreviated form. During autotomy special muscles compress blood vessels in the tail, and bleeding almost never occurs.
Most lizards are predators. Small and medium size species forage in annonomously invertebrates: insects, arachnids, molluscs, worms. Large predatory lizards (monitor lizards, tag) attacking small vertebrates: lizards, frogs, snakes, small mammals and birds, but also eat the eggs of birds and reptiles. The largest modern lizard — the Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) — attacks on large animals such as deer, wild pigs and Asian buffaloes. Some carnivorous species of lizards are stenohaline, that is specialized in eating any certain type of food.
For example, Moloch (Moloch horridus) feeds only on ants and rosovitskii skink (Hemisphaeriodon gerrardii) in nature eats exclusively terrestrial mollusks.
Some large ivanovii, agemovie with zinc and lizards are completely or almost completely herbivorous. These species eat fruits, leaves, young shoots and flowers of plants.
Among lizards there are many omnivorous species, which use both animal and vegetable food (for example, senasica Skinks, agamids many). Madagascan day geckos, in addition to insects readily eat the nectar and pollen of flowers and the juicy pulp of ripe fruit.