Eye disease of turtles
Quite often turtles are observed in diseases of the eye. Like many other pathologies, they arise from violations of housing and feeding turtles. There are two main clinical manifestations of eye conditions with different pathogenesis, but the same methods of treatment. Infectious diseases paskaljevic: in these States may be mucous discharge from eyes and purulent, resulting from local inflammation and local swelling of the conjunctiva. Turtles often RUB eyes anterior extremity, the eye slit is closed or even glued together by purulent discharge. In these cases it is necessary to wash out eye to keep it opened and keep it in that condition, for applications of antibiotics. This can be done with warm water and a cotton swab. Eye drops the most common in such cases — the p-p powder to be applied twice a day for at least 10 days. As with any other illness, it is necessary to maintain the temperature balance to normalize the immune system during illness and beyond. But some species of turtles is difficult to apply the drops because of anatomical features, such as the leopard tortoise. In this case, injectable antibiotics are prescribed, but such use is less effective than instillation of the reorganization of bacteria from the conjunctival pouches does not occur.
Discharge from eyes is the first noticeable symptom of the disease. In this case the most likely cause of conjunctivitis is the sand or the stress associated with oviposition.
In cases where drops do not help, check the body on the subject of deeper causes of disease, in particular, the lack of vitamin A can lead to the decrease of the resistance of the mucous membranes, and violation of the processes of growth and regeneration. In cases where the cause of diseases of the eye is the lack of vitamin A, it is necessary to increase feeding food with lots of vitamin A — carotene. In more severe cases, prescribe vitamin a drops (oil solutions of the drug) or even injections. In more severe cases, when the infection spread on the periphery, there is a need antibiotics systemic action. Sometimes you have to resort to surgical enucleation of the orbit.