Guinea pigs native to the Peruvian Andes. They were first domesticated by the Incas more 3 thousand years ago,raise them for food and even now in Peru have bred them for meat.These rodents and not pigs and have nothing to do with the sea.Pigs have called them, obviously,because they are usually quiet grunt, frightened, squealing like piglets .In the XVI century, the Spanish brought them to Europe by sea. Therefore, they were called overseas,and later sea. In nature, little remains of these animals,now in meadows and edges of woods from Colombia and Ecuador to Argentina, and also in the Andes at altitudes up to 4000 m there are wild Guinea pigs . They live in burrows and cracks in the ground, especially active at dusk,feeding on grasses and low-growing plants.Wild Guinea pigs form small groups up to 10 individuals, consisting of one male-the alpha male and his “harem” of several females. Young males father casts out at the latest four months old. In North America and in Europe, these tender,fluffy animals became favorites of the children and has gained General acceptance.Now you can find as regular light brown Guinea pigs and their form of diverse colors.Varieties with decorative fur like an Abyssinian and Peruvian Guinea pigs good for exhibitions, but require regular care. Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) Length 8 cm, sturdy body,short legs,similar to the petals of the ears.The life of 4-5 years.
1.Tortoiseshell and white shorthaired variety. (Pigs are short-haired and single-color, Himalayan, Dutch and agouti.) 2.American crested -the color is different on the forehead crest. 3.Abyssinian wire-haired pig, wool growing rosettes. 4.Peruvian long-haired Guinea pig,the fur completely covers the face.(Silkie and sheltie – longhaired Guinea pig with an open face.)
Guinea pigs are active during the day,but they are not very playful and a little react to the person.Keep them singly or in groups, but you cannot combine males who will fight.Pigs do not give smell.They emit different sounds -pohryukivanie, squeaking, and whistling.
Can be used wooden houses – 45 x 60 x 45 cm for one pig. The bottom should be made of wire and wood. As bedding use sawdust and hay. Once a week the house is cleaned.
Guinea pigs can’t synthesize vitamin C, so you must give it to them.Pigs live well on vitamin-rich special feed for gilts,good hay and supplements of herbs,cut grass (not treated with pesticides), carrot, turnip, and sometimes bran and oil of sprouts of wheat.If, instead of feed for pigs you will provide food for rabbit or oats, will require supplements of vitamin C. should always be clean water.Do not overfeed the animals – let about a handful a day.
Guinea pigs often need to borrow to animals was not nervous.Lifting the cat carefully ohvatyvaya her body.
Long-haired Guinea pigs require frequent brushing toothed comb or brush.
1 Lethargy. An unwillingness to move. 2 Instability, poor coordination. 3 Sneezing, runny nose. Cough. Shortness of breath. 4 Dim the eye with discharge or a swollen.The constant rapid eye movements from side to side. 5 Bowed head sideways (ear infection ). 6 Ears with the scab (scabies). 7 Dull, tousled hair. 8 Ulcers, cysts or tumors. 9 the Irregular shape of the teeth. 10 Dirty face (the irregular shape of the teeth). 11 fur Loss on the face and body. 12 Ulcers on the feet. Ingrown claws (especially Guinea pigs). 13 weight Loss. 14 Preprecevanje hind legs. 15 the Stiffness. 16 Abnormal distension or protrusion of the rectum. 17 Tail swollen, with sores or ulcers. Special problems – deficiency of vitamin C in Guinea pigs – joint stiffness, significant weight loss, fur loss.
One male to 2 or more females.(For commercial breeding any more.)Females can be used for breeding from the age of 1 year. Males do not want to remove.Needed a nest box and hay.Pregnancy 70 days,pups in the litter 3.Mother feeding milk 2.5 weeks.The cubs are born covered with fur and with open eyes. At the age of 1 day can eat hay. Young pigs should be divided to avoid early mating (females can breed from 5 weeks of age). Sexual maturity is reached in 5 to 10 weeks,1st mating 5 months. Many children and adults keep Guinea pigs at home.These Pets are not too large,and the content is, as a rule, is cheap.For children the best option of all rodents— the Guinea pig. But for good health it requires at least one relative,because in nature these animals live in groups!And you need to consider – animals are not toys but living beings. They need space,regular maintenance, and sometimes expensive visits to the vet